To be realistic, crime and criminals can never be entirely erased from our society’s hands given the frightening rate at which they are rising over the globe. To ensure that justice is delivered quickly and accurately, a forensic scientist is necessary for any city, state, or country. To understand in depth how to get a job in CBI or any other forensic lab, many students who are in their forensic science graduation or post-graduation level are unaware that they can make a good career in this field. A major role is being played by a forensic scientist, who examines a crime scene with a scientific mind and analyses pieces of evidence to help the legal system.
A study area known as forensic science focuses on crimes, evidence, and legal processes. It is a profession with a tonne of room for specialization and high financial prospects. You might find it useful to be aware of the range of career possibilities this field provides and its prospects if you are interested in it. In this post, we will go through some of the most well-known forensic science occupations and how to get into the field.
The use of scientific procedures and methodologies in a variety of legal and criminal contexts is referred to as forensic science. Criminal prosecutions and investigations make the most frequent use of it.
Through identification, testing, and evaluation, forensic science focuses primarily on locating physical evidence. Forensic science uses a variety of scientific disciplines, such as chemistry, biology, and physics, to analyze and interpret data related to crimes. In criminal or civil court cases, forensic science may be used to:
- Gather evidence from crime scenes;
- Preserve and catalog specimens for study;
- Interpret criminal data;
- Determine the reason for a crime;
- Analyze evidence and utilize it to develop theories about a crime.
According to ISO/IEC 17025:2017, the Forensic Science Laboratory is a multi-disciplinary scientific organization with highly organized, skilled personnel and excellent examination facilities. Through the use of cutting-edge scientific procedures, the Laboratory supervises the development and dissemination of new information to detectives and law enforcement agency fraternity members to address both traditional and novel patterns of crime. Additionally, the Laboratory is asked to give training, knowledge sharing, and assistance with crime scene reconstruction. It is also asked to help with scientific investigations of crime scenes.
To successfully prosecute and convict criminals as well as exonerate the guilty, laboratories generate forensic reports for important evidence. With modern technological, scientific, and spatial qualities and a facility that matches the caliber of work for which the Laboratory has become known, the Laboratory may anticipate being accepted globally.
On April 17, 2018, the Ministry of Electronics & IT, Government of India, notified the Laboratory as an Examiner of Electronic Evidence under Section 79A of the Information Technology Act, 2000.
What are the eligibility criteria to get a job in Forensic Field?
To begin a career in forensics, take the following actions:
Complete Higher Secondary Education
Obtain a scientific diploma from a higher secondary school and a minimum cumulative grade point average of 50%. In some cases, you may even need a 70% overall grade point average to enroll in undergraduate science courses. Few institutions offer forensic science as an undergraduate major, and there are few available seats. So when applying to reputable colleges, you might anticipate some competition.
Enroll in a Certification or Diploma Program
Consider taking a certification or certificate course if you wish to work in the field of forensics. These courses are open to everyone with a 10+2 education, and once you’ve finished them, you can start looking for work right away. Examining documents, looking at fingerprints and forensic science are all well-liked courses.
Study towards a Bachelor’s Degree
To qualify for a wider variety of entry-level forensics positions, you might think about pursuing a B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science) in forensic science degree. B.Sc. in forensic science and criminology, B.Tech. In cyber security and forensics, and B.Sc. in chemistry are additional prominent majors. A B.Sc. program typically lasts three years, whereas a B.Tech program often lasts four. You might receive theoretical and practical training for a job in forensic sciences in an undergraduate course. Although the majority of colleges base admittance on the overall results of board exams, others may hold their entrance exams.
A Master’s degree may be an option.
A post-graduate degree or diploma can help you achieve better positions in organizations and teaching employment in universities, while it is not necessary to start a career in forensics. The M.Sc. (Master of Science) in forensic science, the M.Sc. in forensic science and criminology, the M.Sc. in information security and cyber forensics, the post-graduate diploma in forensic science, and the post-graduate diploma in forensic psychology are among the most well-liked courses. One to two years are normally needed to complete a post-graduate course. After that, you can join any forensic lab if you meet the requirements.
Types of Jobs in Forensic Field
A forensic expert has a selection of obligations from a list. Below are some of the requirements for a forensic expert’s position.
- Crime Scene Examiners
Crime scene examiners are those who go to crime scenes to assist with the first investigation. They record evidence, gather samples of possible crime scene materials, and take photographs of potential crime scene objects. They are also responsible for writing a report at the crime scene.
- Forensic Pathologist
A forensic pathologist is a specialist whose job is to ascertain the reason for an unexpected death. To do this, they conduct autopsies and laboratory tests. To determine the cause of death, forensic pathologists examine bodily injuries and test body samples. They also do a microscopic inspection of tissue, body parts, and injuries.
- Crime Laboratory Analyst
A crime laboratory analyst is in charge of inspecting samples from crime scenes and human bodies. The individual spends most of his or her time working in the laboratory performing experiments, and they must repeat the same activity to get to a decision.
- IT Forensics Expert
By pursuing a career as a forensic IT specialist, a forensic expert can join the IT industry as a professional who investigates to discover any suspicious activity in a computing device. They extract the deleted, modified, and history of a device, as well as try to identify the person who is accountable for any suspicious activity on a device. All activities carried out by a forensic IT specialist are done following established standards and guidelines.
- Forensic Psychologist
A forensic psychologist is a specialist who analyses the psychological behavior of criminals to prevent similar crimes from occurring in the future. They interview criminals to understand their characteristics, and after applying their knowledge and conducting research, the forensic psychologist concludes the cause of the crime and the psychological behavior of the offender.
Also Read: How To Become Forensic Psychologist?
Note: These are just a few example of various position in forensic field. Read More : Here
Employment in Sector/Industries
Forensic experts are needed in
- Government sector
- Private organization and
- Research centers
Some of these sectors where a forensic expert can find employment are as follows:
- Forensic labs
- Crime branches
- Narcotics department
- Police department
- Security service agencies
Several Indian organizations hire forensic specialists for a variety of positions. Some of the top recruiters are listed below:
- Directorate of Forensic Science
- Service Intelligence Bureau
- Central Bureau of Investigation
- Intelligence Bureau
- Broadcast Engineering Consultant India Limited
- IFO Forensic Standard and Research Private Limited
Advantages of Working as a Forensic Expert
A difficult position with outstanding career prospects in both public and commercial organizations is that of a forensic expert. To investigate crime scene cyber threats and determine whether offenders can be deactivated with some experience, forensic professionals are needed in a variety of industries. They are well compensated and have good career progression prospects.
Drawbacks to Working as a Forensic Expert
The working hours of forensic expert professionals may be rigid due to the intensity of the cases, and finding a suitable job is a difficult task for those without a higher education degree like a master’s in inference science. Forensic expert work is sensitive and demands candidates to be highly committed.
A forensic expert is a specialist whose job is to gather evidence, investigate crime scenes, analyze potential evidence, and conduct autopsies to end cases. To succeed as a forensic expert, a candidate must complete pertinent coursework and submit applications for jobs in the desired industry. The job position of a forensic expert is tough, and they are expected to manage the task objectively based on evidence and reality. A profession as a forensic expert requires commitment, strong analytical talents, and the capacity to handle demanding tasks. A career in forensic science has very high earning potential. A forensic scientist can expect to earn a base income of $3, 41,181 annually. The employment function of a forensic specialist has the greatest salary within the range of vocations related to the forensic sciences. A forensic specialist can expect to earn a base income of $14, 80,037 annually.