Criminalistics, like forensics, established a separate subject in the mid-nineteenth century. It’s broken down into sub-disciplines like forensic science and crime strategy.
The term “criminalistics” is derived from the Latin word “crimen” (which means charge or misdemeanour).
This phrase is frequently confused with criminology in informal usage.
Criminalistics is the study of ways for combating criminals via the employment of preventative (preventive) and punitive (repressive) tactics. Criminology, on the other hand, is the study of crime. Criminalistics is concerned with forensic evidence and the prevention of criminal activity.
Although the terms “criminalistics” and “forensic science” are sometimes used interchangeably, it is a unique subject that operates alongside other disciplines under the umbrella of forensic science. The American Board of Criminalistics approved Osterburg’s definition of criminalistics as “a profession and scientific study devoted to the recognition, identification, individualization, and evaluation of physical evidence through the use of natural sciences in legal problems.” Criminalistics is defined by Merriam-Webster as “the use of scientific procedures to the collection and analysis of physical evidence in criminal proceedings.”
अपराधशास्त्र के अन्तर्गत अपराधी के व्यवहार का अध्ययन किया जाता है।
अपराधशास्त्री का कार्य अपराध के आधार, उसके कारणों एंव समाज पर उसके द्वारा हुए प्रभाव का अध्ययन करना होता है।