Branches of Biology

Science The methodical research and application of knowledge and understanding of the natural and social worlds using evidence-based techniques
Biology The branch of science which deals with the study of living beings
Zoology The branch of science which deals with the study of animals
Morphology The branch of science which deals with the study of total general structures and forms including shape, size and appearance
Anatomy The branch of science which deals with the study of internal structures after cutting or dissection
Histology The branch of science which deals with the study of tissue i.e. microscopic anatomy
CytologyThe branch of science which deals with the study of cells and their organelles
Acariology Study of tics and mites
Actinobiology The branch of science which deals with the study of radiation effects on an organism
Aerobiology Study of Flying organisms
Agroforestry This branch deals with form of land used on which herbaceous crops and trees crops are cultivated
AgronomyScience which deals with the crop plants
AgrostologyStudy of grasses
AngiologyScience which deals with the study of blood vascular system
Anthology Study of flowers
Anthropology Study of origin, development and behavior Human
Apiculture Study of bee keeping
Araneology Study of spiders
Arthrology Study of joints
Aschelitinthology Study of round worms
Bacteriology Study of bacteria
Batrachology Study of frog
Biochemistry Branch of science that deals with the study of chemical reactions in relations to life activities
Biometrics Statistical analysis of different results of biological experiments
Biotechnology Use of biological organisms in commercial processes for producing fine chemicals such as drugs, vaccines and harmones etc.  on a large scale and at reasonable cost.
Bryology Study of Bryophytes
Carcinology Study of crabs and crustaceans
Cardiology Study of heart
Chondriology Study of Cartilage
ChromatologyStudy of Pigments
Cnidology Study of Coelenterata
Conchology Study of shells
Craniology Study of skulls
Cryobiology Study of effects on life at very lower temperature
Dendrology Study of shrubs and trees
Dermatology Study of skin
Ecobiology Study of problems of existence of life in outer space
Ecology Study of relationship between organism and environment
Embryology Study of embryo i.e. developmental stages after fertilization or birth of young ones
Endocrinology Study of endocrine glands and their secretions
Entomology Study of insects
Enzymology Study of enzymes
Ethnology Study of man-kinds
Ethology Study of conditions of animals or behavior of animals, in a natural contest
EtiologyStudy of diseases


Study of improvement of the human race by applying laws of heredity. It applied before birth. Eugenics is related with future generation
Euphenics Study of improvement of the human race by drug treatment or gene engineering i.e. medical engineering of a genetic disorder
Euthenics Study of improvement of the human race by improving the environment. It applied after birth and is related to the present generation
Evolution The branch of science which deals with the study of origin of new from old i.e. origin, variation, inter-relationship between organisms of past and present days
Exobiology Space biology is also known as exobiology
FloricultureStudy of flower yielding plants
Genetics Study of heredity and variations
Gerontology Study of growing old
Gynaecology Study of female reproductive organs
Haematology Study of blood
Helminthology Study of helminthes
Hepatology Study of liver
Herpetology Study of lizards and other reptiles
Hypnology Study which deals with sleep
Histochemistry Study of chemical nature of tissues
HorticultureStudy of flowering and fruits plants
Ichnology Study of fossil footprints
Immunology Study of resistance of organisms against infection
Kalology Study of sensory or sensari-emotional values, sometimes called judgments of sentiment and taste
Karyology Study of nucleus
Lepidopterology Study of moths and butterflies
Lichenology Study of lichens
Limnology Study of fresh water lakes, ponds and streams in relation with plants and animals
Malacology Study of mollusks
Mammology Study of mammals
Mastology Study of breasts
Melanology Study of pigments
Molecular Biology Study of life sciences on molecular level (i.e. RNA and DNA level)
Mycology Study of fungi
Myrmecology Study of ants
Neonatology Study of the new-born up to 1 month of age
Nephrology Study of kidney
Neurology Study of nervous system
Nidology Study of nests of birds
Nisology Study of diseases
Odontology Study of teeth and gums
Olericulture Study of vegetable yielding plants
Oncology Study of cancer
Oneirology Study of dreams
Ontogeny Study of embryonic history
Oology Study of egg of birds
Ophthalmology Study of eyes
Organocology Study of development of organs under embryology
Organology Study of organs
Ornithology Study of birds
Osteology Study of bones
OtorhinolaryngologyStudy of ear, nose and throat
Paedology Study of larval stages
Palaezoology Study of fossils and their distribution in time.
PalaeozoologyStudy of fossils of animals
Palynology Study of pollen grains in relation to taxonomy and evolution
ParasitologyStudy of parasites
PathologyStudy of various diseases in human beings
Parazoology Study of poifera (sponges)
PedologyStudy of soils
PharmacognosyBranch of science dealing with the medicinal plant
PharmacologyStudy of synthesis and effect of medicines on organisms
PhenologyStudy of organisms as affected by seasonal climates e.g. of bird migration, opening of flowers etc.
PhrenologyStudy of mental faculties of brain including feelings
Phycology (algology) Study of algae
PhylogenyStudy of evolutionary history
PhysiologyStudy of functions of various parts within the organisms
PiscicultureStudy of rearing of fishes
PlatyhelminthologyStudy of flat worms
PomologyStudy of fruits

Study which deals with keepings of foul

ProctologyStudy of hind gut including rectum and anus
ProtistologyStudy of protests. Its field of study overlaps with more traditional disciplines of algology, mycology and protozoology
PteridologyStudy of pteridophytes
Rainology Study of nose and olfactory organs
SaurologyStudy of lizard
SericultureSilk industry concerned with culture of silk moth and pupa
SerologyStudy of serum; interaction of antigens and antibodies in the blood
Sepentology (Ophiology)Study of snakes
SilvicultureStudy of development of forests
SitologyStudy of dietetics
SpeciologyStudy of species
Spermology Study of seeds
Splanchnology Study of visceral organs
Stomatology Study of forget including buccal cavity and stomach
Synecology Study of bony joints and ligaments
Taxi dermatology Study of skin and stuffing
Taxonomy The breach of science which deals with the study of classification of organisms
TeratologyStudy of foetal malformations
TorpedologyStudy of skates and rays
ToxicologyStudy of narcotics and the influence of narcotics on various organisms
TraumatologyStudy of wounds and turnover
TrichologyStudy of hair
TrophologyStudy of nutrition
UrobiologyStudy which deals with preservation of deals bodies in liquids by chemicals
UrologyStudy of wine including diseases and the abnormalities of uninary and urino-genital tract


Study of virus
ZoogeographyThe branch of science which deals with the study of the distribution of animals on earth
BiophysicsStudy of physical aspects of living organisms
Cytogenetics Study of cytological basis of inheritance
CtetologyStudy of acquired characteristics of organisms
IchthyologyStudy of fish and it’s culture
Kinesiology Study of muscle movements
Phytogeography Study of plants distribution on earth
Palaeobotany Study of distribution and characteristics of fossils
Psychobiology Study of behavioural aspects of animals
Sarcology Study of muscles
SyndesmologyStudy of bone joints and ligaments
Tectology Study of structural organization of body
Zoophytology Study of drifting micro-organisms such as diatoms.